Water and Sanitation

Ambassador Small Grant program for Provision of Portable Water

Federal Government of Nigeria set objective in line with MDGs Goal for the provision of sufficient portable water and adequate sanitation to all Nigerian in an affordable and sustainable way through participatory investment by the three tiers of government, the private sector and the beneficiary due to importance attached as basic needs.

Despite the efforts of government water and sanitation is far meeting the need of the people and the MDG target most especially at the rural level and major problem in Sahara and desert region. According to the joint Monitoring programme (JMP) report of 2008. Urban water coverage decreased by15% from 80% in 1990 to 65% in 2006. The 15% decrease in 16 years is very significant at a time that the proportion of the population living in urban areas increased from 30% to 49% within same space of time. The report also suggested that rural water coverage the proportion of the rural population with access to improved sources of drinking water in Nigeria recorded a decrease of 4% from the 34% in 1990 to 30% in 2006.  In Ekiti State and other neighbouring states the decrease in more higher than the national situation.

In terms of sanitation coverage the story is not so different though on a marginal increase with the proportion of the urban population with access to safe sanitation increasing from 33% in 1990 to 35% in 2006 (an increase of 2% in 16 years and an average of 0.125% per year). Similarly the proportion of the population in rural areas with access to basic sanitation increased from 22% in 1990 to 25% in 2006 representing a 3% increase and an average increase of 0.1875% per annum for the 16 years period.

The situation continue to worst in Nigeria and in particular Ekiti State both in urban and rural communities due to attitude of the general population and worsening due to lack of interest and commitment of government at both the state and local government levels of not seeing water and sanitation as priority.

It was in realization of these facts coupled with persistent calls for help from Ajebamide community that EDFHO approached the Self-help desk of the United States Embassy, Abuja for financial support in addressing following identified problems.

    • Inadequate response of the government and the communities and other stakeholders (private sector and NGOs) in water, sanitation and hygiene service.
    • Lack of adequate knowledge about the roles and responsibilities of the people as regards water provision and maintenance.
    • Inadequate access to water and sanitation facilities
    • Lack of capacity to contribute meaningfully to provision and maintenance of safe water and sanitary and hygiene facilities by communities.



The overall objective of the project was to improve water supply and reduce the incidence of Water and Sanitation related diseases in the project areas through increase access to safe water supply, and good Sanitations promotion and community participation in Water and Sanitation investment.

Specific objectives

    • To increase community collaboration and participation that enhance enabling environment for an increase response to water and sanitation.
    • To increase awareness, knowledge, skill and risk reduction behavior that reduces access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene services.
    • Build and strengthen the capacity of community members on provision and sustenance of safe water.
    • Increase access to safe water through provision safe water facilities in the community.
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